What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpel tunnel syndrome or CTS is a physical condition of the hand which causes pain and discomfort. The disorder is caused due to the median nerve of the wrist being pressed. The median nerve runs through a small passage way in the wrist which is called carpal tunnel. The tunnel is the width of about 1cm to 1.5cm. Median nerve is primarily responsible for producing sensations and movement in the first three fingers and thumb. When this nerve is pressed, it causes pain.
Pain is also caused due to the tendons pressing against the nerves. There are a total of 9 tendons which run through the carpal tunnel. These are covered by a layer of membrane. If any inflammation occurs in the membranes, they result in swelling and ultimately the swollen membranes press against the median nerve, causing pain and discomfort.
Pressure could build up due to several reasons. For example, obesity, Ligament presses on median nerve.
Where will you get to see CTS?
Its common among transcribers.
Professionals spending long hours in front computers i.e. Call Center professionals, Software coders and programmers,
Causes of CTS:
- Wrist injury
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Age factor:
- Females: between the ages of 40 and 60 are more prone to CTS.
Lifestyle: CTS is common in people who spend long hours working on the keyboard. For example, transcribers and transcriptionists suffer from frequent pains in the wrist due to excess typing. In BPO’s and call centers employees spend long hours on workstations. In order to prevent CTS among employees, squeeze balls are provided to employees.
7 Tips to Prevent Carpel tunnel in Employees:
- People working for long hours on computers can do wrist rotation exercises for atleast 5 minutes every hour.
- Perform hand stretching exercises
- Take frequent breaks of short duration.
- Maintain correct posture while using computer mouse and keyboard.
- Wear wrist braces and splints to keep the wrist straight.
- Switch between laptop touchpad and laptop mouse. Touchpads are more easier on the hands.
- Job rotation: Employees can take rotate their jobs with their colleagues in exchange for a job that involves lesser